Centre for Environment and Development (CED) Chairman V.K. Damodaran said here on Thursday that the State, home to 44 rivers, lagoons and backwaters, had immense potential in tapping hydrokinetic energy, an emerging clean energy resource that harnesses energy from natural flowing water.
Delivering the keynote address on ‘Review of energy and environment at global, national and State level’ at the seventh Kerala Environment Congress, Prof. Damodaran said the State could improve its green energy potential focussing on small hydro power projects, solar energy, and biomass fuel and by enforcing energy efficiency labelling.
He said India had green energy power generation potential of around 85,000 MW. The projected figure for green energy power generation in the country for this decade was 35,000 MW.
Generating awareness, creating regulatory framework, capacity building, and energy audit were some of the main aspects for improving energy efficiency.
Decentralisation of energy sources, diversification of sources, and lesser dependence on fossil fuel were the key to achieving energy and environment security, he said.
In his paper ‘Bioenergy- the green energy alternative’, head of Kerala Agriculture University Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Pattambi, P. Shaji James said energy conversion of waste and biomass was inevitable to provide clean energy.
Mr. James pointed out that bioenergy was likely to play a major role in future energy development strategies.
H.N. Chanakya of the Centre for Sustainable Technologies, IISc Bangalore, presented a paper on ‘Biomethanation of waste to energy- emerging trends and overcoming environmental challenges’.
N.T. Nair, chief editor ofExecutive Knowledge Lines, discussed the advantages of cloud computing as an energy saving option in the IT sector in his paper ‘Energy use in information technology sector’.
On behalf of A. Muhammed Sahil of W2E Project and Systems, Kochi, Prof. Damodaran presented a paper ‘Waste disposal and energy recovery for remote locations’.
‘Energy consumption in transport sector and its effect on climate’ by NATPAC scientist Kalaiyarasan; ‘Forest-water energy linkages in the context of Kerala’ by Water Institute, Coimbatore, director E.J. James; and ‘Development through energy efficiency’ by R. Harikumar of the Energy Management Centre were the other papers presented at the Environment Science Congress on Thursday.